Genome-Based Reclassification of Anoxybacillus geothermalis Filippidou et al. 2016 as a Later Heterotypic Synonym of Anoxybacillus rupiensis Derekova et al. 2007


Current Microbiology, vol.81, no.4, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00284-024-03615-x
  • Journal Name: Current Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, our aim was to elucidate the relationship between Anoxybacillus rupiensis DSM 17127T and Anoxybacillus geothermalis GSsed3T through whole-genome phylogenetic analysis. The obtained 16S rRNA gene sequence from the genome of A. rupiensis DSM 17127T exhibited a 99.8% similarity with A. geothermalis GSsed3T. In the phylogenetic trees constructed using whole-genome sequences and 16S rRNA gene sequences, A. rupiensis DSM 17127T and A. geothermalis GSsed3T were observed to form a clade, indicating a close relationship between them. Moreover, the average amino acid identity, average nucleotide identity, and digital DNA–DNA hybridization values calculated between A. rupiensis DSM 17127T and A. geothermalis GSsed3T exceeded the threshold values typically used for species demarcation. Furthermore, the phylogenomic analysis based on the core genome of the strains in question provided additional support for the formation of a monophyletic clade by A. rupiensis DSM 17127T and A. geothermalis GSsed3T. Most phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features between both strains were almost identical except for a few exceptions. These findings suggest that both strains should be classified as belonging to the same species, and we propose that A. geothermalis GSsed3T is a later heterotypic synonym of A. rupiensis DSM 17127T.