Magnetic properties of the welded joined TSMG Y123+x wt% Y211 (x=20 and 30) bulk superconductors


PHYSICA C-SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS, vol.557, pp.19-25, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 557
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.physc.2018.12.005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.19-25
  • Keywords: TSMG-YBCO, Levitation force, Welding joint, Ag2O added MPMG-YBCO, Solder material, BA-CU-O, LEVITATION FORCE, SEEDED YBCO, FIELD, YBA2CU3O7-DELTA, RING
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Although the welding techniques have been used to join for bulk YBCO superconductors with a sintered superconductor, similar technique as a Ag2O added bulk YBCO superconductor fabricated by melt-powder-melt-growth process (MPMG) for using as a solder material has not been used, until now. Also, physical and the bulk superconducting properties of the welded samples have not been investigated. In this study, two 20 wt% Y211 and two 30 wt% Y211 added YBCO main samples were fabricated by cold top seeding-melt-growth (TSMG) method by using an Nd123 seed. Two main samples having the same Y211 addition and welding sample positioned between the main samples stacked and welded thermally with a pressure source simultaneously. It can be seen from the levitation force measurement, making before the welding process, that the 30 wt% Y211 added samples have the larger the maximum repulsive forces values than the 20 wt% Y211 added and Ag2O added welding samples but at the same order. After the welding process the welded samples cut into the specimens, to investigate micro structure and electromagnetic properties, positioned above, on and below of the welding region of the each welded Y123 samples. From the SEM analysis a continuous structural phase was obtained between the solder material and the main samples with a good integration without any boundary gap or defects. The welding process had no negative noticeable effect on T-c of the samples under zero magnetic field, while superconducting transition width (Delta T-c) of the specimen cutting from the 30 wt% Y211 added sample (Y30-ab) is smaller the specimen cutting from the 20 wt% Y211 added sample (Y20-ab) under applied magnetic field points out that Y30-ab is more resistant to the applied field than the Y20-ab because of the 211 addition. In addition, 30 wt% 211 addition ratio is more efficient for welding region and whole welded sample in terms of the supplying uniform superconducting properties as J(c). The obtained results on welded joined bulk superconductor can be beneficial to increase application potential of these superconducting materials in real scale magnetic systems.