Determination of transesterification reaction parameters giving the lowest viscosity waste cooking oil biodiesel


Bilgin A. , Gülüm M. , Koyuncuoglu I., Naç E., Cakmak A.

World Conference on Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, İstanbul, Turkey, 28 - 30 May 2015, pp.2492-2500 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.318
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.2492-2500
  • Keywords: Waste cooking oil biodiesel, transesterification, viscosity, ethanol, sodium hydroxide, FRYING OIL, PHYSICAL-PROPERTIES, REACTION PROGRESS, FUEL BLENDS, ETHANOLYSIS, OPTIMIZATION, COMBUSTION, CASTOR, NEAT, L.

Abstract

This study aims determination of transesterification reaction parameters to produce the lowest kinematic viscosity waste cooking oil biodiesel by using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as catalyst and ethanol (C2H5OH) as alcohol. For this purpose, the individual effects of main reaction parameters such as catalyst concentration (0.50-1.75%), reaction temperature (60-90 degrees C), reaction time (60-150 min.) and alcohol/oil molar ratio (6:1-15:1) on the kinematic viscosities of produced biodiesels were investigated, respectively. According to results, reaction parameters giving the lowest kinematic viscosity of 4.387 cst were determined as 1.25% catalyst concentration, 70 degrees C reaction temperature, 120 minutes reaction time and 12:1 alcohol/oil molar ratio. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.