Nonmedical Methods to Relieve Low Back Pain Caused by Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Descriptive Study in Northeastern Turkey

ÇİLİNGİR D. , HİNTİSTAN S. , Yigitbas C., Nura N.

PAIN MANAGEMENT NURSING, cilt.15, ss.449-457, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 15 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.03.003
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.449-457


Low back pain due to the effects of lumbar disc herniation is a common complaint of patients who often subsequently seek help from medical professionals. It is also a significant health problem which is quite difficult to treat. This descriptive study was conducted to determine nonmedical methods used by patients with lumbar disc herniation to relieve low back pain; the patients' intensity of low back pain when they were admitted to the hospital was also explored. Ninety-two patients with lumbar disc herniation participated in this study, which was carried out at a university hospital in northeastern Turkey. Data were collected using a patient information form and the visual analog scale (VAS). When the patients were admitted to hospital, their mean VAS score was 6.56 +/- 2.45. The study results showed that as a first choice nearly all of the patients (94.6%) with lumbar disc herniation preferred consulting with their physicians before to obtain relief for low back pain. However, in addition to seeing their physician, more than one-half of these patients (57.6%) also used nonmedical methods. The primary nonmedical methods were hot/cold compresses, wrapping various substances on the back, and herbal preparations. An increase in pain was noted by 17.0% of patients after using nonmedical methods. Findings indicated that more than two-thirds of patients experienced either no change or an increase in pain after using nonmedical methods to find relief. (C) 2014 by the American Society for Pain Management Nursing