Role of Mg doping in the structural, optical, and electrical characteristics of ZnO-based DSSCs

POLAT İ. , Yilmaz S., Tomakin M., BACAKSIZ E.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, cilt.41, sa.2, ss.160-170, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3906/fiz-1610-35
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.160-170


ZnO- and Mg-doped ZnO samples are prepared by spray pyrolysis on conducting glass substrates to fabricate ZnO-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Influences of Mg-doping content on the power conversion efficiencies of ZnO-based DSSCs are investigated. X-ray diffraction results show that all the samples exhibit a hexagonal wurtzite structure. Scanning electron microscopy data indicate that the ZnO sample has uniform rods with 1 mu m diameter. With respect to ZnO, the band gap value of 4 at.% Mg-doped ZnO samples improves to the value of 3.27 eV and a further increase in Mg level up to 6 at.% gives rise to a decline in the band gap value of 3.22 eV. Photoltuminescence measurements illustrate that intensities of the ultraviolet peak and a red luminescence peak take their maximum values for 4 at.% Mg doping. From solar cell performance measurements, the best power conversion efficiency of 0.08% is obtained for the doping amount of 4 at.% Mg.