ATP8A2-related disorders as recessive cerebellar ataxia


Guissart C., Harrison A. N. , Benkirane M., Oncel I., Arslan E. , Chassevent A. K. , ...More

JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, vol.267, no.1, pp.203-213, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 267 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00415-019-09579-4
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-213

Abstract

ATP8A2-related disorders are autosomal recessive conditions that associate encephalopathy with or without hypotonia, psychomotor delay, abnormal movements, chorea, tremor, optic atrophy and cerebellar atrophy (CARMQ4). Through a multi-centric collaboration, we identified six point mutations (one splice site and five missense mutations) involving ATP8A2 in six individuals from five families. Two patients from one family with the homozygous p.Gly585Val mutation had a milder presentation without encephalopathy. Expression and functional studies of the missense mutations demonstrated that protein levels of four of the five missense variants were very low and lacked phosphatidylserine-activated ATPase activity. One variant p.Ile215Leu, however, expressed at normal levels and displayed phospholipid-activated ATPase activity similar to the non-mutated protein. We therefore expand for the first time the phenotype related to ATP8A2 mutations to less severe forms characterized by cerebellar ataxia without encephalopathy and suggest that ATP8A2 should be analyzed for all cases of syndromic or non-syndromic recessive or sporadic ataxia.