Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the recently established Republic of Turkey initially fell into the dilemma of the way of administration to be either decentralized or centralized. However, due to the extraordinary conditions of war and the existence of a government in Istanbul, first of all the decentralized structure had been accepted. Afterwards, the internal upheavals broke out by the end of the war caused the restructure of a centralized administration. General Inspectorates are one of the results of the referred centralization policy. They were founded in five different regions in 1927. The main purpose for the foundation of these institutions was to overcome the problem of security and public order. Later they were given economic, cultural and social tasks as well. General inspectors had almost unlimited authority. This study aims first to introduce the foundation process of General Inspectorates and draw a framework on their authority. Afterwards an assessment would be made if they had fulfilled their task.