Radiochemical characterization of mineral waters in the Eastern Black Sea Region, Turkey

Kobya Y., Damla N., ÇEVİK U. , KOBYA A. İ.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.182, pp.415-422, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 182
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-011-1885-1
  • Page Numbers: pp.415-422


This study has evaluated the levels of natural radionuclides and chemical components of mineral waters in the Eastern Black Sea Region (Turkey). The mean activity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th, (137)Cs, (40)K, gross alpha and gross beta were found as 129, 33, 28, 714, 125 and 170 mBq L (-aEuro parts per thousand 1), respectively. Due to consumption of mineral waters, the radiological impact of them on the inhabitants was calculated by taking the annual intake into account through ingestion of aforementioned radionuclides. The estimated effective doses from mineral water were found to be 13.20 mu Sv year (-aEuro parts per thousand 1) ((226)Ra), 2.74 mu Sv year (-aEuro parts per thousand 1) ((232)Th), 0.13 mu Sv year (-aEuro parts per thousand 1) ((137)Cs) and 1.62 mu Sv year (-aEuro parts per thousand 1) ((40)K). The overall contribution of these radionuclides to the committed effective dose from a year's consumption of mineral water in the region is therefore estimated to be only 17.69%, which is in concordance with the recommended WHO value (100 mu Sv year (-aEuro parts per thousand 1)). The chemical analysis results showed that these waters contain Na, Al, P, Cl, K, Ca, V, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu and Zn elements. These values were evaluated and compared with the internationally verified values. This study provides important information for consumers and authorities because of their internal radiochemical exposure risk from mineral water intake.