Evaluation of the therapeutic effects of arbutin on cisplatin-induced ovarian toxicity in rats through endoplasmic reticulum stress and Nrf2 pathway


Demir E. A., MENTEŞE A., Yilmaz Z. S., Alemdar N. T., DEMİR S., ALİYAZICIOĞLU Y.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY, vol.23, no.4, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.repbio.2023.100824
  • Journal Name: REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Arbutin, Cisplatin, Endoplasmic reticulum stress, Inflammation, Nrf2, Ovotoxicity, Oxidative stress
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Arbutin (ARB) is a glycosylated hydroquinone with potent antioxidant effects. Although cisplatin (CP) is widely used in chemotherapy, its toxicity in healthy tissues, including ovotoxicity, is an insurmountable problem. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of ARB against CP-related ovototoxicity by including nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway in rats for the first time. Rats treated one dose of CP (5 mg/kg) on the first day, followed by ARB (5 and 10 mg/kg) for three days. Serum reproductive hormone levels were determined using ELISA kits. Oxidative stress (OS), inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and apoptosis markers in ovarian tissue were also determined colorimetrically. In addition, how CP affects Nrf2 pathway and the effect of ARB on this situation were also addressed. ARB treatment reduced the levels of markers of OS, inflammation, ERS and apoptosis in ovarian tissue of CP-stimulated animals. ARB regenerated the depleted antioxidant system by triggering Nrf2 pathway in the ovarian tissues of animals stimulated by CP. Histological findings also supported the therapeutic efficacy of ARB. The results indicate that ARB may have therapeutic effects against CP-induced reproductive toxicity with its Nrf2 activator potential. ARB should be tested in more extensive studies as a new generation chemopreventive candidate molecule.