The effect of acupressure on sleep quality of older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Dincer B., İnangil D., İnangil G., Bahçecik N., Ayaz E. Y., Arslanoğlu A., ...More

Explore, vol.18, no.6, pp.635-645, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.explore.2021.11.010
  • Journal Name: Explore
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.635-645
  • Keywords: Older, Elderly, Sleep quality, Acupressure, Systematic review, Meta-analysis, INSOMNIA, ADULTS
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021Background and Objective: The effects of acupressure on sleep quality and insomnia symptoms have been studied in various groups of haemodialysis patients, those undergoing surgery, and those living in elderly care homes. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of acupressure on sleep quality in elderly people. Methods: This study was conducted with a systematic review and meta-analysis. In this study, electronic databases of PubMed, Science Direct, National Thesis centre, Google Scholar, Web of Science, EBSCO were systematically scanned between December 2020 and February 2021 using the keywords “older, elderly, sleep quality, acupressure”. The study included 11 articles published in English and Turkish languages without any year limitation. This systematic review and meta-analysis were done by following the PRISMA reporting system. Results: The total sample size of 11 randomized controlled trials included in this systematic review and meta-analysis was 722 (experiment: 363 and control: 359), and the mean duration of acupressure interventions applied was 19.65 ± 11.28 days. The sleep quality of the acupressure group in the elderly was significantly increased compared to the control group (MD: -1.71,%95 CI: -2.31 to -1.11, Z = 5.60, p< 0.00001, I2 = 91%). After the subjects received training for acupressure application and applied acupressure themselves, their sleep quality improved compared to the control group (MD: -0.86, 95% CI: -1.39 to -0.32, p <0.001). Conclusions: We have utilized meta-analysis to try to reveal statistical significance by pooling small studies with high quality. This meta-analysis provided a potentially effective intervention on the quality of sleep in elderly people.