Usage of Natural Stone in Historical Environments: Trabzon “Ortamahalle” Example

Kahveci H., Onur M.

Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, vol.6, no.2, pp.333-347, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Historical environments have an important archive value as they carry the traces of the social and cultural life in the past to the present and due to the correct relations established between human-nature-structure. With urbanization, the interventions to some historical environments have increased, and these environments have been put into use with restoration and protection processes. Structural and plant components that compose historical textures create impressions in people's memory and are effective in the perception of urban identity and readability. Most of the structural elements of these textures are built with the use of natural stone. Historical streets are one of the most beautiful places of use of natural stone. In this context, Ortamahalle historical street, which is one of the oldest historical districts of Trabzon province, was chosen as the study area. This study aims to reveal the landscape value of the natural stone elements used in the construction of ancient times in Trabzon Ortamahalle, which is a historical street, and to emphasize their contribution to the sustainability of urban areas. The factor analysis was used to determine the level of importance among the parameters of aesthetic, original, functional, memorable, impressive, harmonious, natural, continuous, perceptible, integrity effect. The 'One-Sample T' test was used to determine whether the parameters were statistically significant, and correlation analysis was used to see the relationship between the 'One-Sample T' test and parameters themselves. As a result, it was determined that there is a significant relationship between the purpose and areas of use of natural stone and the landscape value according to the P˂0.01 value. In line with the findings obtained as a result of the study, suggestions were made for future work regarding the design, implementation, and studies