Classification, shear strength, and durability of expansive clayey soil stabilized with lime and perlite

Calik U., ŞADOĞLU E.

NATURAL HAZARDS, vol.71, no.3, pp.1289-1303, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11069-013-0950-1
  • Journal Name: NATURAL HAZARDS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1289-1303
  • Keywords: Shear strength, Natural pozzolana, Perlite, Lime, Stabilization, Durability, FLY-ASH, BEHAVIOR, IMPROVEMENT
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


An experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of perlite and perlite-lime admixtures on classification, shear strength, and durability properties of an expansive soil containing smectite clay minerals. Two types of mixtures, namely soil-perlite and soil-perlite-lime, were prepared with different percentages of perlite and compacted with standard Proctor energy at their optimum water contents. Samples of 38 mm diameter and 76 mm height for durability tests and square samples of 60 mm edge for shear box test were taken and preserved until test time in a desiccator. Disturbed samples were also taken to determine liquid and plastic limits. The expansive soil shows behavior of fine sand and silt due to pozzolanic reactions in microstructure caused by addition of lime and perlite. Although apparent cohesion of treated soil decreased with increasing amount of perlite for both types of samples, perlite-lime-treated samples had higher apparent cohesion than only perlite-treated samples. Large increments in angle of shearing resistance were obtained with increasing usage of perlite. Samples stabilized with only perlite could not show enough durability at the durability tests based on volumetric stability and unconfined compression strength. However, samples stabilized with lime and more than 30 % perlite proved to have enough durability and shear strength.