Investigating the effects of LPG on spark ignition engine combustion and performance

Bayraktar H., Durgun O.

ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol.46, pp.2317-2333, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enconman.2004.09.012
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2317-2333
  • Keywords: alternative fuels, gaseous fuels, liquefied petroleum gas, SI engine cycle modeling, KNOCKING LIMITS, FUEL
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A quasi-dimensional spark ignition (SI) engine cycle model is used to predict the cycle, performance and exhaust emissions of an automotive engine for the cases of using gasoline and LPG. Governing equations of the mathematical model mainly consist of first order ordinary differential equations derived for cylinder pressure and temperature. Combustion is simulated as a turbulent flame propagation process and during this process, two different thermodynamic regions consisting of unburned gases and burned gases that are separated by the flame front are considered. A computer code for the cycle model has been prepared to perform numerical calculations over a range of engine speeds and fuel-air equivalence ratios. In the computations performed at different engine speeds, the same fuel-air equivalence ratios are selected for each fuel to make realistic comparisons from the fuel economy and fuel consumption points of view. Comparisons show that if LPG fueled SI engines are operated at the same conditions with those of gasoline fueled SI engines, significant improvements in exhaust emissions can be achieved. However, variations in various engine performance parameters and the effects on the engine structural elements are not promising. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.