The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of project-based learning that is used in visual arts course on students' academic success and permanence. The research was applied to students of Hasan Ali Yucel Primary School in the city of Trabzon during the fall semester of 2007-2008 academic year. Among the sample that had been selected randomly, class 8/D (n=30) was assigned as the experimental group, and class 8/E (n=31) as the control group. Pre-test post-test control group design was used in the research. Data of the research were collected by the achievement test and permanence test. "t-test" was used in the analysis of the data in order to show the differences between the means. There is a significant difference between the experimental group, in which project-based learning method had been used, and the control group, in which conventional teaching had been used, in favor of the experimental group, in terms of students' achievement and permanence scores. While a significant difference between pre-test and post-test achievement scores of the experimental group was observed, no significant difference was found between pre-test and post-test scores of the control group. A significant difference between the scores of the students in experimental group and those in control group, who participated in the study was found in the repeated measures test, which was conducted to reveal time and group effect. When the change in in-group measures is searched without making a differentiation between experimental and control groups, it was seen that there is a significant change. When group and measure interaction scores were considered, it was determined that there is a significant interaction between participating in experimental or control group and the results found from the tests used. Based on the results, it was determined that students become more successful with the project-based learning method. The use of the of the method in visual arts courses was suggested. Additionally, few suggestions concerning future research were given.