Time-dependent change of natural vegetation on forest road fill slopes and its effects on erosion decrease


Mısırlıoğlu G., Gümüş S.

SUMARSKI LIST, vol.148, no.5-6, pp.285-292, 2024 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 148 Issue: 5-6
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.31298/sl.148.5-6.6
  • Journal Name: SUMARSKI LIST
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.285-292
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

During the construction of forest roads, slopes become more susceptible to erosion as they remain bare due to soil excavation and felling of trees along the road route. In Türkiye, studies are carried out to prevent erosion and maintain slope stability, and it is known that these studies are quite costly. In this study, analyses were made on three forest roads built less than a year ago, 5 years ago and 10 years ago from the forest road network located at the same aspect and level, and the aim was to determine whether these costs were needed. Soil samples were taken from the fill slopes of these roads and the degree of covering of the plants was determined by using the grid method on the images taken with the drone. Analyses of organic matter, texture, stony ratio, and pH-EC determination were made on these soil samples. The vegetation cover of the fill slope surfaces was determined as 93% for the 10-year-old road, 80% for the 5-year-old road and 0% for the newly built road. According to the ABAG method (which is a simulation of the USLE model converted to the metric system and adapted to European conditions), the annual soil loss amount for the 10-year-old forest road was 1.59 tons/ha/years, for the 5-year-old forest road it was 1.75 tons/ha/years and, finally, for the newly built forest road, this value was 15.52 tons/ha/years. Considering that most of the soil loss occurs in the first years, the amount of soil loss determined on the 5-year-old forest road is at an acceptable level according to the erosion values that occur in natural areas. For this reason, considering that the fill slopes are naturally covered with vegetation, i