Technological and economic comparison of the usage of beech and alder wood in plywood and laminated veneer lumber manufacturing

Toksoy D., Colakoglu G., Aydın İ., Colak S., Demirkir C.

BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, vol.41, no.7, pp.872-876, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.04.012
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.872-876
  • Keywords: alder, beech, mechanical properties, economic comparison
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the economic and technological benefits of the usage of alder wood instead of beech wood as a raw material in plywood and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) manufacturing were compared, besides the conservation of national forest resources. For this aim, some technological properties of plywood and LVL panels manufactured from beech and alder logs were determined, and then compared with the values indicated in related standards. According to the results of this study, mechanical strength values of beech plywood and LVL panels were higher than those of alder panels. Bending strength mean values of plywood panels were higher than the limit values indicated in DIN 68705-3 and DIN 68792. Shear strength mean values obtained for the plywood panels manufactured from alder logs were above the limit value (1.0 N/mm(2)) indicated in EN 314-2 standard. Mechanical strength values of beech LVL panels were also higher than those of alder LVL panels. When the annual increments of beech and alder trees in I ha and the time they need to reach suitable diameters for the manufacturing rotary cut veneers were taken into consideration, it was calculated that alder trees allow 3.82 times additional physical harvesting than beech trees. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.