Performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with diesel fuel + corn oil + alcohol ternary blends


Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol.30, no.18, pp.53767-53777, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-023-26053-x
  • Journal Name: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.53767-53777
  • Keywords: Performance, Combustion, Fourier series, Simpson's 1, 3 integration rule, Emission, Gaussian function, VEGETABLE-OIL, EXHAUST EMISSIONS, BIODIESEL
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A blend of diesel fuel and corn oil in the ratio of 80:20 (v/v) is prepared. 1-butanol and 1-pentanol are mixed separately with the binary blend in different ratios (4:96, 7:93, and 10:90 v/v) to prepare ternary blends. Pure diesel fuel and ternary blends are tested at various engine speeds (1000–2500 rpm) and at full throttle position. A regression model and its trigonometric Fourier series are proposed to represent the variation of in-cylinder pressure vs. crank angle measured by the author. The regression model and its Fourier series are compared to the Gaussian function of second-order using the in-cylinder pressure data measured by the author and different authors. On average, the ternary blends have lower brake effective efficiency (0.7347 % -4.0553 %) and peak heat release rate (5.1113 % -6.3083 %), compared to diesel fuel. On average, the ternary blends have a shorter combustion duration (0.4045 % -7.0236 %) and longer ignition delay (8.3635 % -13.9110 %) relative to diesel fuel. The ternary blends produce lower CO (8.4769 % -13.1598 %), HC (30.0073 % -36.2523 %), and smoke (4.8566 % -7.4181 %) emissions while higher NOX (3.2691 % -10.8795 %) emission. The estimated values from the proposed regression model and its Fourier series coincide quite well with in-cylinder pressure data measured by the author and different authors.