A case of surgically treated bilateral metachronous malignant pleural mesothelioma

Bedirhan M. A., Cansever L., Yoney A., Kocaturk C.

TURK GOGUS KALP DAMAR CERRAHISI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, vol.27, no.1, pp.121-124, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


In this article, we present a 59-year-old male patient who was admitted to our hospital with right pleural effusion and right-sided chest pain and diagnosed as malignant pleural mesothelioma with thoracentesis and pleural biopsy. After the patient was determined to be operable, right parietal pleurectomy + pericardial resection + diaphragmatic resection were performed and four cycles of cisplatin and pemetrexed combination as adjuvant treatment were added. The patient was followed-up without any problem for three and a half years. At this time, left-sided chest pain and left-sided effusion were noticed. Tumor was negative in thoracentesis and pleural biopsy. Then, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was applied, which resulted in Stage la malignant pleural mesothelioma. Thoracoscopic parietal pleurectomy was performed with success. Four cycles of pemetrexed single-agent therapy was performed as an adjuvant treatment. The patient died of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart failure in 57th month of the first and 21st month of the second operation while he was tumor free. To the best of our knowledge, this case is the first operated bilateral metachronous primary malignant pleural mesothelioma in the literature.