Effect of ploidy status of juvenile turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, on innate immune response and disease susceptibility against Aeromonas salmonicida, Vibrio anguillarum and Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus


IŞIDAN H., ÖZTÜRK R. Ç. , Aydin I.

BULLETIN OF THE EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF FISH PATHOLOGISTS, vol.41, no.4, pp.146-159, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: BULLETIN OF THE EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF FISH PATHOLOGISTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.146-159

Abstract

Triploid induction is a promising tool for sterility and triploid turbot showed improvement in growth after sexual maturation. However, it is essential to characterise the response of triploids to pathogens to evaluate their suitability to aquaculture. The aim of the study was to investigate the ploidy status of turbot on the innate immune response and susceptibility against Vibrio anguillarum, Aeromonas salmonicida, and viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) infection. Diploid and triploid turbot were subjected to experimental infection with these pathogens via intraperitoneal (IP) injection and immersion. Antibody response against V. anguillarum and A. salmonicida was assessed at 0, 7, 14, 21, and 30 days post injection. A. salmonicida did not cause any mortality in ploidy groups. However, ploidy had significant effects on susceptibility against V. anguillarum and VHSV infections. Triploids were significantly more susceptible to both V. anguillarum and VHSV. While there were no significant difference in antibody response against V. anguillarum in ploidy groups, antibody response of diploid turbot against VHSV was significantly higher.