Fuel recovery from plastic and organic wastes with the help of mineralogical catalysts


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Hoş Çebi F., Sarıkap M. C.

ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, no.49, pp.16-25, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

Abstract

Plastics are one of the most widely used materials, and, in most cases, they are designed to have long life spans. Since plastic and packaging waste pollute the environment for many years, their disposal is of great importance for the environment and human health. In this paper, a system was developed to store liquid fuel from plastic and organic waste mixes without solidification, which then can be used as fuel in motor vehicles and construction machinery. For this purpose, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and organic wastes and clay, zeolite, and MCS23-code materials (50% magnetite-%25 calcium oxide-%25 sodium chloride) were heated in a closed medium at temperatures ranging from 300 to 400°C and subsequently re-condensed. The study conducted twenty tests, involving various types and rates of plastic and organic materials, as well as different rates of catalysts. Among these tests, the highest liquid fuel yield (67.47%) was achieved in Test 9, where 50% PVC50% PET waste, 75 g of clinoptilolite, and 500 g of MCS23 waste were collectively used. Notably, Test 12 exhibited the highest density value (79.8 kg/m3 ), while the best viscosity value (2.794 mm2 /s) was observed in Test 2. Across all samples, flash point values were found to be below 40°C. The most favorable yield point value was recorded in Test 2 (-6°C). The samples displayed ash content within the range of 0 to 0.01% (m/m)] and combustion heat values of 35.000> J/g which fall within the standard range. The incorporation of MCS23 with clinoptilolite additives is believed to have a significant impact on obtaining high-yield products with improved fuel properties.