MACHINE VISION AND APPLICATIONS, vol.21, pp.143-161, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI)
Recognizing people by gait promises to be useful for identifying individuals from a distance; in this regard, improved techniques are under development. In this paper, an improved method for gait recognition is proposed. Binarized silhouette of a motion object is first represented by four 1-D signals that are the basic image features called the distance vectors. The distance vectors are differences between the bounding box and silhouette, and extracted using four projections to silhouette. Fourier Transform is employed as a preprocessing step to achieve translation invariant for the gait patterns accumulated from silhouette sequences that are extracted from the subjects’ walk in different speed and/or different time. Then, eigenspace transformation is applied to reduce the dimensionality of the input feature space. Support vector machine (SVM)-based pattern classification technique is then performed in the lower-dimensional eigenspace for recognition. The input feature space is alternatively constructed by using two different approaches. The four projections (1-D signals) are independently classified in the first approach. A fusion task is then applied to produce the final decision. In the second approach, the four projections are concatenated to have one vector and then pattern classification with one vector is performed in the lower-dimensional eigenspace for recognition. The experiments are carried out on the most well-known public gait databases: the CMU, the USF, SOTON, and NLPR human gait databases. To effectively understand the performance of the algorithm, the experiments are executed and presented as increasing amounts of the gait cycles of each person available during the training procedure. Finally, the performance of the proposed algorithm is comparatively illustrated to take into consideration the published gait recognition approaches.