The effect of a novel spark-plug plasma synthetic jet actuator on the performance of a PEM fuel cell

Seyhan M., Akansu Y. E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, vol.140, pp.147-151, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 140
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.05.090
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.147-151
  • Keywords: PEM fuel cell, Plasma, Actuator, Synthetic jet, Oscillating flow, FLOW CHANNEL, HIGH-SPEED, PULSATION, OPTIMIZATION, TRANSPORT
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The effect of oscillating flow on the performance of a single cell PEM fuel cell is investigated at the cathode side. The oscillating flow is generated with a Spark-plug plasma synthetic jet (SPSJ) actuator. The PEM fuel cell is directly connected to SPSJ actuator. The significant performance improvement of the PEM fuel cell is by this approach. At two different hydrogen and air flow rates, necessary experiments are performed to obtain the polarization curves and current-time history plots at a constant voltage. The results indicate that the peak power output of the PEMFC increases up to 11% compared to the case without a SPSJ actuator. It can be concluded that the plasma synthetic jet actuator producing oscillating flow enhances the oxygen concentration and diffusion rate at the cathode channel of the PEM fuel cell. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.