Assessing landscape perception of urban rocky habitats


ACAR C. , Sakici C.

BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, vol.43, no.6, pp.1153-1170, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.02.026
  • Title of Journal : BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT
  • Page Numbers: pp.1153-1170

Abstract

The urban landscape structure and its, changing characteristics have produced various effects on natural and human systems of its own and surroundings [Gilbert OL. The ecology of urban habitats. London: Chapman, & Hall;, 1991 [1]; Rebele F. Urban ecology and special features of urban ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 1994;4.:173-87 [2]; Rees WE. Urban ecosystems: the human dimension. Urban Ecosystems 1997;1:63-75 [3]; Pickett STA, Cadenasso ML, Grove JM, Nilon CH, Pouyat RV, Zipperer WC, et al. Urban ecological systems: linking terrestrial ecological, physical, and socioeconomic components of metropolitan areas. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 2001;32:127-57 [4]; Hope D, Gries C, Zhu WX, Fagan WE, Redman CL, Grimm NB, et al., Socioeconomics drive urban plant diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20031-100(15):8788-92 [5]; Pickett STA, Cadenasso ML, Grove JM. Resilient cities: meaning, models, and metaphor for integrating the ecological, socio-economic, and planning realms, Landscape and Urban Planning 2004;69(4):369-84 [6]; Luck M, Jianguo Wit J. A gradient analysis of urban landscape pattern: a case study from the Phoenix metropolitan region, Arizona, USA. Landscape Ecology 2002:17(4):327-39 [7]; Angold PG, Sadler JP, Hill MO, Pullin A, Rushton S, Austin K, et al., Biodiversity in urban habitat patches. Science of the Total Environment 2006;360(1-3):196-204 [8]]. By environmental literature conducted recently, it has been evidently comprehended that urban life quality for mankind and others can be improved by serving these systems with green and living elements. This study is to investigate urban rocky habitats that have special natural characteristics and that can be implicated for urban green areas. But these habitats have been considered as nature splits withstanding against the urban pressures by means of the unplanned build-up activities foremost, and road construction, poor quality or neglected remnants. Therefore, this study presents the environmental perception and preferences of urban rocky habitats which are threatening within excessive urbanization and human use of natural areas in the context of the city of Trabzon, Turkey. So, a total of 20 habitats selected from urban and surroundings were Surveyed by using a questionnaire and landscape assessment approach. With Surveying performed on 204 participants, visual preferences, landscape attributes and proposed management options for urban nature conservation were determined. The chi(2)-test results revealed clearly that he demographic and expertise status of the participants were correlated with the preferences for types of rocky habitat scene and management options. The scenes with natural elements and less human disturbance obtained higher scores on visual preferences than any of the urban rocky scenes lacking these characteristics. Also, in the quantitative phase, factor analysis based on principal component structure revealed the 'visual and spatial effects', the 'usage and arrangement', the 'naturalness and ecological value', and the 'functionality' components of the scenes. Consequently, some implications for the effective and efficient planning and development Of urban nature conservation by assisting the letter understanding of he various patterns of landscape preference, choice and satisfaction in habitats under the present study were suggested. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.