Infantile-onset Pompe disease is a lysosomal storage disorder characterised with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, respiratory insufficiency, and hypotonia. Dilated cardiomyopathy is an extremely rare and curable complication of nutritional hypocalcaemic rickets. A 3-month-old female infant was referred to our paediatric ICU with a 4-day history of fatigue, tachypnoea, tachycardia, hypoxia, and respiratory failure. According to the laboratory, radiology, and echocardiography findings, she was first diagnosed with nutritional hypocalcaemic rickets-related dilated cardiomyopathy, but vitamin D and elementary calcium supplementation unmasked the underlying infantile-onset Pompe disease. Nutritional hypocalcaemic rickets and infantile-onset Pompe disease must always be kept in mind among the causes of concomitant dilated cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.