Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire

Erol E., YILDIZ A., YILDIZ R., Apaydin U., Gokmen D., ELBASAN B.

SPINE, vol.44, no.9, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/brs.0000000000002909
  • Journal Name: SPINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: body image, body perception, cross-cultural adaptation, low back pain, proprioception, Rasch model, reliability, translation, Turkish version, validity., CROSS-CULTURAL ADAPTATION, SELF-PERCEPTION, PAIN, REORGANIZATION
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


Study Design. Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric analysis. Objective. To develop the Turkish version of the Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ-T) and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Summary of Background Data. There is a growing interest in the role that the disturbance of body perception may lead to long-lasting pain problems such as chronic low back pain (CLBP). The Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ) is a simple and low-cost way of evaluating disturbed back awareness in people with CLBP. Methods. The FreBAQ was translated from English into Turkish using the forward-backward-forward method. One hundred four participants with low back pain completed the FreBAQ-T. The FreBAQ-T was repeated in 15 participants after 1 week to establish test-retest reliability. Although internal and external construct validity was investigated using Rasch analysis and Spearman correlation coefficient, respectively; reliability was evaluated in terms of internal consistency by Cronbach alpha and Person Separation Index. Results. All items of the FreBAQ-T were found to fit the Rasch Model (chi-square 6.17[ df = 9], P = 0.723). The internal construct validity was good, overall mean item fit residual was 0.305 (standard deviation: 0.369) and mean person fit residual was 0.290 (standard deviation: 1.349). The reliability was good with Cronbach alpha of 0.87 and Person Separation Index of 0.82. When the test-retest was examined via differential item functioning by time, none of the items showed differential item functioning. Conclusion. The FreBAQ-T is a valid, reliable, and unidimensional scale for patients with CLBP. This scale will allow assessing back-specific perception in the Turkish population with CLBP.