Pedestrianization of Streets in Urban Center: The Trabzon Kahramanmaras Street Case


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Tarakci Eren E. , Duzenli T., AKYOL D.

MEGARON, cilt.13, ss.480-491, 2018 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 13 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5505/megaron.2018.17362
  • Dergi Adı: MEGARON
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.480-491

Özet

Urban centers contain several functional elements. They contain several functions and spaces such as buildings, gardens, parks, shopping areas, residences, health and educational institutions, transportation arteries and accommodations, etc. One of the most significant physical public spaces in the urban scale is the streets and route axes. The focal points of urban life are the public spaces that define the main urban character and make it possible to fulfill and share several social, cultural, recreational and commercial requirements of the urbanites. It has been always important in urban planning for the urbanite to be able to move in a healthy, safe and comfortable manner within the city and access of all user types to urban spaces. Rapid urbanization resulted in unplanned spatial development in the city of Trabzon in Turkey, similar to several metropolitan cities during recent times. Rapid urbanization caused changes in the urban socio-physical structure, leading to the emergence of a transportation system that is dependent on vehicle transportation. Within the said dependency, the main urban axes started to lose their safety, comfort, and for public welfare qualities and their relationship with landscape features were completely ignored. It was determined that there were 98 different closed spaces and 18 different functions in the on-location studies conducted on northern and southern sections of the Trabzon Kahramanmaras Street, which was selected as the subject of the present case study. Traffic flow directions and public transportation stop locations were determined. It was determined that there were structural landscape elements such as stairs, ramps, lighting, telephone booths, garbage bins, flower pots, billboards, walls, seating units and covering elements on the street and certain plant species including Trachycarpus fortuneii, Ligustrum japonicum, Rosa sp., Thujo occidentalis, Pladycladus orientalis, Pinus pinaster, Pinus pinea, Cercis siliquastrum, Betula pendula, Cedrus libani, Taxus baccata were identified. Based on pedestrian density, Zone 1 was located at the intersection of the street with the square. It was found that the second zone was located at Ziyad Nemli Art Street and its immediate surroundings. The surveys conducted with users demonstrated that they had negative views about the physical conditions of the street. It was determined that 73% of the respondents expressed a positive opinion on the question associated with pedestrianization. In conclusion, the present study aimed to determine the views and requests of the users with the survey and observation methods to construct solutions that would serve the requirements of the residents concerning the pedestrian movements, vehicle and pedestrian density and pedestrian zone on Trabzon city Kahramanmaras Street and to develop recommendations based on the identified problems.