Determination of Real and Potential Erosion Risk Areas in Kuzgun Dam Watershed, Erzurum


Dindaroglu T., Canpolat M. Y.

KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF NATURAL SCIENCES, vol.16, no.4, pp.8-15, 2013 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Name: KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF NATURAL SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.8-15
  • Keywords: CORINE, Erosion, Sediment, Soil
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Soil infertility and then extinction causes loss of biodiversity, nutritional problems and related environmental problems such as rapid migration. Developing an approach that planning to reduce the current pressure on natural resources conservation and development is very important for solving these problems. The purpose of this study is to detect actual and potential areas exposed soil erosion and to make recommendations to solve this problem in the Kuzgun Dam watershed around Erzurum province. In this research, which is determined by using Landsat satellite image according to the actual land use and natural resources where soils were identified and some of the physical and chemical characteristics. Actual and potential erosion areas have been identified according to the method of CORINE. Accordingly, the actual erosion risk map indicated that 23.48%, 38.42% and 33.30% of the study area was determined to have a low, medium, and high degree risk of erosion, respectively. In areas susceptible to erosion in potential, 14.43%, 18.67%, and 62.11% were found to be low, medium, and high risk areas, respectively. Based on map analysis and land survey conducted during the study, it was found that Kanli mountain site is located within the highest actual and potential risks zone, and it was observed that there was no soil conservation measures taken in this area. When establishing type of dam has potential such electricity generation, irrigation and drinking water should take soil conservation measures at the beginning for providing sustainability.