Mn-substituted spinel Li4Ti5O12 materials studied by multifrequency EPR spectroscopy

Kaftelen H., Tuncer M., Tu S., Repp S., Gocmez H., Thomann R., ...More

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, vol.1, no.34, pp.9973-9982, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 34
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c3ta11590a
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.9973-9982
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


In this contribution we report on the influence of Mn doping on various physical properties of Li4Ti5-xMnxO12 (x = 0, 0.005, 0.025, 0.01, 0.05, 0.075, 0.1 and 0.2). Spinel-type (space group Fd3m, a = 0.8358 nm) Li4Ti5-xMnxO12 was produced as highly uniform and polyhedral shaped powder in a size range between 200 and 400 nm. The crystal structure of Li4Ti5-xMnxO12, the morphology and the Mn-ion distribution have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning and transmission electron microscopies (SEM and TEM). The oxidation state of Mn and the conductivity behavior of Mn-substituted Li4Ti5-xMnxO12 samples have been studied using multi-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Mn is incorporated as Mn2+, and these ions increase the conductivity of Li4Ti5O12; a conductivity value of 0.48 x 10(-8) S cm(-1) was measured for Li4Ti5-xMnxO12 with x = 0.075, which is tenfold larger than that of undoped Li4Ti5O12.