The Relation Between Variability of Intact Parathyroid Hormone, Calcium, and Cardiac Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients.

ULUSOY Ş., Ozkan G., GÜVERCİN B., Yavuz A.

Artificial organs, vol.40, no.11, pp.1078-1085, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/aor.12690
  • Journal Name: Artificial organs
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1078-1085
  • Keywords: Calcium variability, Intact parathyroid hormone variability, Hemodialysis, Mortality, Cardiac mortality, SERUM-CALCIUM, DIALYSIS OUTCOMES, PRACTICE PATTERNS, PHOSPHORUS, ASSOCIATION, POPULATION, TIME
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-BMD) is a condition known to be associated with cardiovascular disease and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The relation between calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) variability in HD patients and cardiac mortality is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the relation between variability in these parameters and cardiac mortality. Baseline demographic and biochemical parameters of 218 HD patients together with Ca values corrected with albumin and P values measured on a monthly basis and iPTH levels measured at 3-monthly intervals were recorded over 2 years. Standard deviation (SD) and smoothness index (SI) for each parameter were calculated to assess Ca, P, and iPTH variability. The relations between all parameters and cardiac mortality were then analyzed. Cardiac mortality was observed in 38 patients in the 2-year study period. Nonsurviving patients' ages, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (HsCRP) levels, mean iPTH, and SD iPTH were significantly higher than those of surviving patients, while albumin levels, SI iPTH and SI Ca were significantly lower. Age, low albumin, high DBP, SI iPTH, and SI Ca were identified as independent predictors of cardiac mortality at multivariate analysis. Our study shows that Ca and iPTH variability affect cardiac mortality independently of mean and baseline values. When supported by further studies, the relation between Ca and iPTH variability and cardiac mortality in HD patients can lead to a new perspective in terms of prognosis and treatment planning.