Proposed single-zone map projection system for Turkey

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Yıldırım F. , Kadı F.

Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics, vol.112, no.1, pp.35-45, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 112 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/rgg-2021-0006
  • Title of Journal : Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-45


The coordinate base of the maps or sheets produced is the Universal TransversalMercator (UTM) conformal projection, and it is not possible to work in a single coordinate system in Turkey. Therefore, a transition fromUTM to other conformal projections is required. For the countries extending in an east–west UTM zone width like Turkey, composite projection (CP), a double standard paralleling Lambert Conformal Conic (LCC) and double map projections (DP) are used widely. However, this process causes increase in working load and processing errors by users. This study aims to determine a common projection system that can be used in the whole country. In this context, a composite projection fromUTM and LCC projection has been defined for the first time. According to the results obtained, map projection CP with the least distortion values in both east–west and north–south directions has been chosen. With the CP selection, a single coordinate system has been determined formedium- and large-scale maps. Projection correction formulas, scale factor and false origin have been determined for map coordinates in CP. These distortions are obtained with a difference of less than 1 cm for 1 kmlong sides and less than 0.003′′ for the azimuth value of this side, when the correction formulas are used.