Proposed single-zone map projection system for Turkey

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REPORTS ON GEODESY AND GEOINFORMATICS, vol.112, no.1, pp.35-45, 2021 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 112 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/rgg-2021-0006
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-45
  • Keywords: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM), Lambert conformal conic (LCC), composite projection, distortion, scale
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The coordinate base of the maps or sheets produced is the Universal Transversal Mercator (UTM) conformal projection, and it is not possible to work in a single coordinate system in Turkey. Therefore, a transition from UTM to other conformal projections is required. For the countries extending in an east-west UTM zone width like Turkey, composite projection (CP), a double standard paralleling Lambert Conformal Conic (LCC) and double map projections (DP) are used widely. However, this process causes increase in working load and processing errors by users. This study aims to determine a common projection system that can be used in the whole country. In this context, a composite projection from UTM and LCC projection has been defined for the first time. According to the results obtained, map projection CP with the least distortion values in both east-west and north-south directions has been chosen. With the CP selection, a single coordinate system has been determined for medium- and large-scale maps. Projection correction formulas, scale factor and false origin have been determined for map coordinates in CP. These distortions are obtained with a difference of less than 1 cm for 1 km long sides and less than 0.003 '' for the azimuth value of this side, when the correction formulas are used.