Chemical characterization of Cedrus libani A. Rich tar, obtained by the traditional method and Jenkner Retort, was studied. Roots and fallen branches were used and analyzed separately. FID-GC and GC-MS were used for the characterization. The tar yield of Jenkner Retort was 60 %, while it is 30-40 % in the traditional method. 41 compounds were identified. beta-himachalane (22-28 %) was found to be the main compound in all tars. alpha-himachalane (6-10 %) and longifolene (7-9 %) were the other important compounds. Some compounds, which have antifungal and insecticides effects like deodarone and E-(a)-atlantone, were determined only in tars of roots. Phenolic compounds were not determined by the traditional method.