Gyroscopic Vibration Damper for One-Strorey Building: Theoretical and Experimental Research

Ünker F., Çuvalcı O.



In this study, a gyroscopic damper model consisting of a built-in column has been developed. The objective of this study is determining the required angular momentum with the optimum ratio of natural frequency for the gyroscopic vibration absorber under sinusoidal excitation. This damper model is investigated experimentally and theoretically for different angular momentums of the gyroscope and different frequency ratios of the structure and damper on a single-story structure. As a result of the study, the displacement of the structure at the 1st mode frequency for a given angular momentum of the gyroscope is fairly reduced. Besides, at a notable frequency ratio of the damper and the structure, the effect of the angular momentum is improved. Even if the disk mass of the gyroscope decreases, it is possible to obtain a certain angular momentum by increasing the disk speed. Thus, lighter and less bulky gyroscopic vibration dampers can be designed. The cooperation of the required angular momentum with the optimum ratio of natural frequencies should be considered to obtain a highest attenuation of the building vibration. In addition, the equations of motion obtained according to the 1st mode and the theoretical results overlapped.