Gamma ray and neutron shielding properties of some concrete materials


YILMAZ E., BALTAŞ H., KIRIŞ E., USTABAS I., ÇEVİK U. , EL-KHAYATT A. M.

ANNALS OF NUCLEAR ENERGY, vol.38, no.10, pp.2204-2212, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.anucene.2011.06.011
  • Title of Journal : ANNALS OF NUCLEAR ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.2204-2212

Abstract

Shielding of gamma-rays and neutrons by 12 concrete samples with and without mineral additives has been studied. The total mass attenuation and linear attenuation coefficients, half-value thicknesses, effective atomic numbers, effective electron densities and atomic cross-sections at photons energies of 59.5 and 661 key have been measured and calculated. The measured and calculated values were compared and a reasonable agreement has been observed. Also the recorded values showed a change with energy and composition of the concrete samples. In addition, neutron shielding has been treated in terms of macroscopic removal cross-section (Sigma(R), cm(-1)) concept. The WinXCom and NXcom programs were employed to calculate the attenuation coefficients of gamma-rays and neutrons, respectively. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.