Comparative study of single- and double-layer BaFe<sub>12</sub>O<sub>19</sub>-Graphite nanocomposites for electromagnetic wave absorber applications

Ismail I., Ibrahim I. R., Matori K. A., Awang Z., Zulkimi M. M. M., Idris F. M., ...More

MATERIALS RESEARCH BULLETIN, vol.126, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 126
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2020.110843
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


The development of stealth technology for military applications and increasing concerns of electromagnetic pollution have garnered interest to design microwave absorbing materials with wide absorption bandwidth and effective absorption properties. Two batches of samples as a potential radar absorbing material were prepared in this study: single-layer and double-layer nanocomposite mixtures of graphite and barium hexaferrite nanoparticles. Characterizations of electromagnetic and microwave absorbing properties were carried out in the frequency range of 8-12 GHz (X-band) and 12 - 18 GHz (K-u-band). Single-layer samples with thickness of 2 mm showed optimal absorption properties with minimum reflection loss of -20.5 dB at 11.8 GHz for X-band and -20.7 dB at 14.7 GHz for K-u-band, displaying bandwidths of 0.6 GHz for the former and 3.8 GHz for the latter at -10 dB. On the other hand, double-layer samples made of 1 mm thick barium hexaferrite matching layer and 2 mm thick graphite absorbing layer showed optimal absorption properties with minimum reflection loss of -30.0 dB at 9.2 GHz for X-band with narrower bandwidth of 0.6 GHz. The microwave absorption properties of these nanocomposites were attributed to combined effect of dielectric loss from graphite and magnetic loss from ferrite.