Investigation of flat plate type pulsating heat pipes via flow visualization-assisted experiments: Effect of cross sectional ratio

MARKAL B., Candere A., AVCI M., AYDIN O.

International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol.125, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 125
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2021.105289
  • Journal Name: International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, INSPEC, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Pulsating heat pipe, Thermal behavior, Visualization, Experimental investigation, THERMAL PERFORMANCE, TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT, NANOFLUID, REGIMES, SOLAR, TUBE
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Elsevier LtdIn the present study, combined influence of filling ratio, geometry, inclination angle and heating power on heat transfer characteristics of the pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) are investigated accompanying analysis of complex thermophysical mechanism. Three different flat-plate type closed loop PHPs covering uniform or non-uniform channel-pairs are investigated at different angles (0° − 90°) and filling ratios (50% and 80%). It is concluded that phase change phenomena and bubble dynamics play key roles on thermal characteristics. In addition to unbalanced capillary force, evaporation momentum force is an important factor to improve operational performance of non-uniform PHPs in the lack of gravity support. Non-uniform design decreases the influence of gravity on results. At horizontal position for medium filling ratio (FR = 50%), uniform PHP (PHP1) collapses. Compared to angled conditions, maximum heat input of PHP1 drops from 65 W to 45 W (nearly 30% decrease). At horizontal orientation, non-uniform PHPs maintain operation, and perform better performance than PHP1. For a relatively high filling ratio (FR = 80%), effect of inclination angle is more obvious, especially for uniform PHP. In the existence of liquid-excess (at FR = 80%), a new type operation mode is defined as column type bulk condensation flow.