Comparative study of single-phase multilevel cascaded transformerless inverters with different modulation methods

Mollahasanoğlu H., Mollahasanoglu M., Özkop E.



This paper presents an in-depth exploration of a single -phase multilevel cascaded H5 (CH5) transformerless inverter employing both phase-shifted PWM (PS-PWM) and level-shifted PWM (LS-PWM) methodologies. A comparative analysis is conducted with the conventional multilevel inverter (MLI) topologies, specifically the cascaded H -bridge (CHB) and H5 inverter configurations. The investigation delves into the impact of modulation index variations, load fluctuations, and modulation methods on the inverter's operational performance. While switches in the CHB-MLI operate continuously at the carrier frequency state using PS-PWM and LS-PWM methods, the CH5-MLI exhibits a unique behavior with some switches toggling at high frequency, while others synchronize with the grid frequency. The CH5-MLI topology demonstrates efficiency improvements and a reduction in total harmonic distortion (THD). Notably, employing the LS-PWM method yields more significant efficiency enhancements and THD reduction compared to the PS-PWM method. To analyze power loss characteristics under diverse operating conditions, the PLECS simulation environment is leveraged for calculating conduction and switching losses. The application of phase-shifted and level-shifted carrier-based pulse width modulation strategies to high and low-frequency switching switches results in minimized output harmonics, elevated operator safety, and enhanced overall reliability and efficiency. This work contributes significantly to the field by offering a detailed exploration of the CH5-MLI topology's dynamic behavior, modulation strategies, and their collective impact on performance metrics such as efficiency, THD, and power losses.