Renal failure, vol.32, no.8, pp.913-7, 2010 (SCI-Expanded)
Background: Hypertension is frequently seen in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and it has a negative effect on renal progression. Hypertension and left ventricle hypertrophy (LVH) are related in terms of pathogenesis and their effects on renal progression. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of losartan and ramipril on blood pressure (BP) control, LVH, and renal progression in patients with hypertensive ADPKD. Methods: Thirty-two ADPKD patients with ages ranging between 18 and 70 years who were stage 1-2 hypertensive were included in this study. Routine biochemical tests and echocardiography were obtained at first examination of the patients. Following these, the patients were randomized. One group was given losartan and the other ramipril. They were followed up for 1 year, and their echocardiographies and routine biochemical tests were repeated at the end of the year. Results: BP values decreased in both the groups at the end of the first year (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in LVH in both the groups at the end of the first year than at the beginning (losartan, p = 0.007; ramipril, p < 0.001). Conclusions: In this study, effective BP control was obtained with losartan and ramipril and LVH was found to be regressed significantly in the hypertensive patients with ADPKD. These two groups of antihypertensive drugs may also have beneficial effects on the retardation of renal progression and in reducing cardiovascular mortality in hypertensive patients with ADPKD.