EFFECT OF TRADITIONAL HIGHLAND SETTLEMENT TEXTURE ON VISUAL CARRYING CAPACITY: KACKAR MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK CASE


Kurdoglu O.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ECOLOGY, vol.16, no.2, pp.771-782, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ECOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.771-782

Abstract

Due to the faulty planning that was created under the name of highland settlement tourism (yayla tourism in Turkish), Eastern Black Sea highland settlements, which currently preserve their traditional texture, are now facing the threat of losing outstanding features. In the present study, seven highland settlements were selected to determine the relation between visual carrying capacity (VCC) of highland settlements and components of traditional highland texture. The current VCC scores of seven highland settlements in Kackar Mountains National Park (KMNP) were evaluated by experts base photography techniques. The method where five different simulations were created for each highland settlement by increasing and decreasing the number of present buildings was used in the study. The relationship between factors such as building materials of traditional highland settlement, vegetation cover and landscape features constituting the highland settlements and the threshold value of VCC was depicted by statistical methods. Statistical data showed that when the diversity of vegetation was increased and the elements derived from human factor were decreased, and also the harmony of materials used in buildings and the surrounding nature increased the VCC scores increased accordingly.