Mineral chemistry and thermobarometry of Eocene monzogabbroic stocks from the Bafra (Samsun) area in Turkey: implications for disequilibrium crystallization and emplacement conditions

TEMİZEL İ. , ARSLAN M. , Abdioglu E. , Yucel C.

INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW, vol.56, no.10, pp.1226-1245, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00206814.2014.933363
  • Page Numbers: pp.1226-1245


Monzogabbro stocks including felsic enclaves (monzosyenite) around the Bafra (Samsun) area at the western edge of the Eastern Pontides cut Eocene-aged volcanic and sedimentary units. The monzogabbros contain plagioclase, alkali feldspar, clinopyroxene, olivine, hornblende, biotite, apatite, and iron-titanium oxides, whereas the felsic enclaves contain alkali feldspar, plagioclase, hornblende, biotite, clinopyroxene, and iron-titanium oxides. Mineral chemistry data suggest that magmas experienced hydrous and anhydrous crystallization in deep and shallow crustal magma chambers. Several thermobarometers were used to estimate temperatures of crystallization and emplacement for the mafic and felsic magmas. Clinopyroxene thermobarometry yielded 1100-1232 C and 5.9-8.1 kbar for monzogabbros, and 931-1109 C and 1.8-6.9 kbar for felsic enclaves. Hornblende thermobarometry and oxygen fugacity estimates reveal 739-971 degrees C, 7.0-9.2 kbar and 10(-9.71) for monzogabbros and 681-928 degrees C, 3.0-6.1 kbar and 10(-11.34) for felsic enclaves. Biotite thermobarometry shows elevated oxygen fugacity varying from 10(-18.9)-10(-11.07) at 632-904 degrees C and 1.29-1.89 kbar for monzogabbros, to 10(-15.99) -10(-11.82) at 719-873 degrees C and 1.41-1.77 kbar for felsic enclaves. The estimated zircon and apatite saturation temperatures are 504-590 degrees C and 693-730 degrees C for monzogabbros and 765-775 degrees C and 641-690 degrees C for felsic enclaves, respectively. These data imply that several phases in the gabbroic and syenitic magmas did not necessarily crystallize simultaneously and further indicate that the mineral compositions may register intervals of disequilibrium crystallization. Besides, thermobarometry contrasts between monzogabbro and felsic enclave may be partly a consequence of extended interactions between the mafic and felsic magmas by mixing/mingling and diffusion. Additionally, the hot felsic magma was close to liquidus conditions (crystallinity < 30%) when injected into cooler mafic magma (crystallinity > 50%), and thus, the monzogabbro stocks reflect hybrid products from the mingling and incomplete mixing of these two magmas.