An investigation on surface roughness of granite machined by abrasive waterjet


Creative Commons License

AYDIN G. , KARAKURT İ. , AYDINER K.

BULLETIN OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, cilt.34, ss.985-992, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 34 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12034-011-0226-x
  • Dergi Adı: BULLETIN OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.985-992

Özet

Abrasive waterjet (AWJ) cutting is an emerging technology which enables the shaping of practically all engineering materials. However, AWJ cutting may cause roughness and waviness on the cut surface. This significantly affects the dimensional accuracy of the machined part and the quality of surface finish. In this study, the surface roughness of three granites is experimentally investigated for varying process parameters in abrasive waterjet. The philosophy of the Taguchi design is followed in the experimental study. Effects of the control (process) factors on the surface roughness are presented in terms of the mean of means responses. Additionally, the data obtained are evaluated statistically using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) to determine significant process parameters affecting the surface roughness. Furthermore, effects of the material properties on the surface roughness are assessed. It was statistically found that the water pressure and the abrasive flow rate are the most significant factors influencing the surface roughness of granites. Additionally, a consistent relationship between the material grain size and surface roughness of the granites was observed.