CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY, vol.37, no.12, pp.3255-3262, 2018 (SCI-Expanded)
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common chronic rheumatic disease of childhood, yet its etiology is unknown. It is known that microribonucleic acids (miRNAs) play a role in immunoregulation. We aimed to evaluate the plasma expression of some candidate miRNAs that are associated with the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. Thirty-one patients diagnosed with JIA and age-sex-matched 31 healthy children were enrolled for the study. The plasma levels of four candidate miRNAs (miRNA-16, miRNA-155, miRNA-204, and miRNA-451), which are known to be associated with autoimmunity, were examined in all the subjects. The plasma levels of miRNAs were measured with real-time PCR in the patients in active and inactive periods and in the healthy controls. The groups were compared with each other. The plasma miRNA-155 levels were found to increase in the JIA patients compared to the healthy controls, and it was statistically more significant in the inactive period. We found that the JIA patients had the higher levels of miRNA-16 and the lower levels of miRNA-204/miRNA-451 expressions compare with the control group, but there was no statistically significant difference. A statistically significant decrease in the plasma levels of miRNA-204 was found in the patients that were in inactive disease with only methotrexate therapy. The plasma miRNA expressions were compared in the JIA subtypes, and it was observed that miRNA-204 levels were higher in polyarticular JIA and miRNA-451 levels were higher in enthesitis-related arthritis without statistical significance. The significant alterations in the plasma expression of miRNA-155 and miRNA-204 suggest to us that these molecules may be related to the pathogenesis of JIA. More comprehensive and functional researches about the role of these molecules are needed in this regard.