RENEWABLE ENERGY, vol.33, no.3, pp.388-399, 2008 (SCI-Expanded)
The maximum power tracking problem and efficient energy utilization of a stand-alone photovoltaic array (PVA) feeding voltage controlled linear and nonlinear loads is studied. A novel and simple on-line fuzzy logic-based dynamic search, detection and tracking controller is developed to ensure maximum power point (MPP) operation under excursions in solar insolation, ambient temperature and electric load variations. A computer simulation model of the PVA renewable utilization scheme including the effects of temperature and solar irradiation changes was developed and fully simulated. The load voltage is controlled by a DC chopper and kept constant at the required rated voltage. A permanent magnet DC motor (PMDC) driving a fan-type load was connected in parallel to an RL passive load. A speed control scheme is also used for the PMDC motor drive so that the drive can be operated at specified speeds. Different controllers have been employed in the unified PVA scheme to control three separate loads at MPP tracking condition namely voltage at load bus and speed of the PMDC motor. The main objective of the paper is to present a novel enhanced, cost-effective MPP detector (MPPD) and dynamic MPP tracking (MPPT) controller for a hybrid mix of electric loads. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.