Bronchogenic cysts are the most common form of congenital cystic lesions in the mediastinum. Of all cases with bronchogenic cysts, 1/3 are symptomatic. The symptoms vary depending on the location and compression of the adjacent structures of the cyst. Some mediastinal bronchogenic cysts can cause severe respiratory distress due to airway and vascular compression. We herein present a case with a bronchogenic cyst that required venoplasty to the superior vena cava (SVC) due to total occlusion of the SVC.