NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS, vol.703, pp.25-31, 2019 (SCI-Expanded)
In the central nervous system, Tropomyosin-receptor-kinase B (TrkB) signaling is involved in neuronal survival, differentiation as well as in regulation of synaptic transmission and excitability. As its powerful potential to modulate neuronal functions, TrkB pathway is an attractive target for novel drugs and treatment of common neurological disorders. 7,8-Dihydroxyflavone (DHF), a TrkB receptor agonist, has similar properties with neurotrophin Brain Derived Neurotropic Factor (BDNF). DHF is reported to have a number of beneficial effects in neuroprotection, against depression and improving learning and memory. However, the outcome of acute application of DHF on the excitability of neuronal circuits is not clear. Especially the effects of DHF on synchronized epileptiform activity are not known. In this study, we investigated whether DHF induces epileptiform activity in brain slices and DHF has any effect on already initiated epileptiform discharges. We used acute horizontal hippocampal-entorhinal cortex slices obtained from 30 to 35 days of mice. Extracellular field potential recordings were obtained from entorhinal cortex (EC) and hippocampus CA1 region. DHF did not initiate any epileptiform activity or abnormal discharges. However, DHF increased the frequency of 4 aminopyridine (4AP) induced ictal and interictal events in both EC and CA1. The duration of induced ictal charges were also prolonged upon DHF application. In a number of slices, both EC and CA1, DHF led to ictogenesis. These results suggest that the acute activation of TrkB by DHF has a powerful potential on synchronized neuronal discharges which should be considered in future therapeutical approaches.