There is a growing emphasis in the teaching profession on pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) as an important knowledge component. The study reported in this article investigates Turkish prospective mathematics teachers' mathematics teaching knowledge in the numbers content domain. A series of 10 open-ended scenario-type questions were adopted to challenge 83 prospective mathematics teachers' knowledge of the learner and presentation of content in the context of PCK. The participants' responses were analysed by means of rubrics and scoring guides developed by the researchers. The results showed that many of the future teachers performed well in determining what misconceptions students might express in the given scenarios. However, a majority of the participants performed poorly on presentation of content in terms of instructional strategies. In line with these results, the authors offer some suggestions for teacher training programmes.