Clinical course and outcome of Covid-19 in patients with myasthenia gravis

Aktoz G., BOZ C., Zengin S., Okumus A. C., Horozoglu H., KARA F., ...More

Neurological Research, vol.45, no.6, pp.583-589, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01616412.2023.2167536
  • Journal Name: Neurological Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.583-589
  • Keywords: Myasthenia gravis, Covid-19, coronavirus, IMPACT
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) may be at a greater risk of developing a severe course in coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Objectives: To analyze the prognosis and outcomes of COVID-19 in patients with MG and to determine factors associated with COVID-19 severity in patients with MG. Methods: Information concerning COVID-19 occurrence in patients with MG was collected in this single-center observational study. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify factors associated with severe Covid-19. Results: Two hundred seventy-five of the 386 records of MG were included in this study. Eighty-two (29.8%) patients had concurrent COVID-19. The patients’ mean age was 50.3 ± 1.6 years, and the mean duration of MG was 6.7 ± 5.4 years. MG was diagnosed after COVID-19 in five cases. Covid-19 was mild in 45 patients (54.9%), moderate in 23 (28.1%), and severe in 14 (17.07%), while mortality occurred in four of the severe cases (4.9%). Three of the exitus patients were receiving rituximab therapy. Pre-Covid MG Activity of Daily Living (MG-ADL) severity scores were significantly high in severe cases. A history of myasthenic crisis was also higher in severe cases. Similarly, univariate and multivariate analyses revealed an association between severe COVID-19 and myasthenic crisis history and high pre-Covid MG-ADL. The type of MG treatment had no independent effect on COVID-19 severity. Conclusion: The vast majority of the MG patients made a good recovery from Covid-19. The risk of severe COVID-19 is high in patients with high MG-ADL severity scores and a history of myasthenic crisis.