Carbonization and characterization of Turkish oil shales

Demirbas A.

ENERGY SOURCES, vol.22, no.8, pp.675-681, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Journal Name: ENERGY SOURCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.675-681
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


Turkish oil shales are convenient for obtaining oil products and carbonaceous matter. The process that was designed in this work gave a capability of controlling unwanted volatile materials. Carbonization was shown to be successful and optimum conditions of 1.5 h of heating at 775 K were obtained. The samples of oil shale specially the Goynuk oil shale, where successfully demineralized. Seyitomer and Goynuk oil shales could be classified as immature type 1 kerogen on the basis of the distribution of elemental H/C and O/C ratios.