Effect of PV Plant on Frequency Stability in IEEE12 Bus System for Different Penetration Levels and Depth of Frequency Support

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Çavdar B., Akyazı Ö., Şahin E., Nuroğlu F. M.

ARABIAN JOURNAL FOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13369-024-08733-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The utilization of renewable energy sources, particularly large-scale photovoltaic plants (PVPs), has been increasing in power systems. However, the high penetration of PVPs in power systems has implications for the system's moment of inertia and frequency response. Therefore, it is crucial to thoroughly investigate the impact of PVPs on system frequency. This study focuses on investigating the effects of a large-scale PVP at various penetration levels on frequency and the depth of frequency support. The study proposes a strategy aimed at maximizing power generation from PVPs while also providing support to system frequency. To assess the effects of PVPs, the study examines events such as load outages, generator outages, load changes, and three-phase short circuits. Additionally, the relationship between voltage and frequency during these events is considered, with the load represented by an impedance model. By studying the depth of frequency support alongside different penetration levels, the study provides a detailed understanding of the impact of PVPs on frequency. The study aims to determine the threshold at which the penetration level of PVPs becomes significant in terms of frequency support. This analysis sheds light on the point at which the presence of PVPs begins to exert a notable influence on frequency stability and support within the power system. Overall, the study contributes to the integration of PVPs in power systems by providing insights into their impact on frequency dynamics and proposing strategies to enhance power generation and frequency support simultaneously.