Combined heat and power economic emission dispatch using dynamic switched crowding based multi-objective symbiotic organism search algorithm

Ozkaya B., Kahraman H. T., Duman S., Guvenc U., Akbel M.

Applied Soft Computing, vol.151, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 151
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.asoc.2023.111106
  • Journal Name: Applied Soft Computing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Applied Science & Technology Source, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Combined heat and power, Dynamic switched crowding (DSC), Economic emission dispatch, Multi-objective optimization, Multi-objective symbiotic organism search (MOSOS)
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Combined heat and power economic emission dispatch (CHPEED) problem is a highly complex, non-linear, non-convex multi-objective optimization problem due to two conflicting objectives and various operational constraints such as valve-point loading effect, power transmission loss, prohibited operating zone, and the feasible operating region of combined heat and power unit. In order to overcome these challenges, it is necessary to design an algorithm that exhibits a search behavior, which is suitable for the characteristics of objective and constraint space of the CHPEED problem. For these reasons, a dynamic switched crowding based multi-objective symbiotic organism search (DSC-MOSOS) algorithm was designed to meet the requirements and geometric space of the CHPEED problem. By applying the DSC method in the MOSOS algorithm, it was aimed to improve the exploration ability, to strengthen exploitation-exploration balance, and to prevent the catching into local solution traps. A comprehensive experimental study was carried out to prove the performance of the proposed algorithm on IEEE CEC 2020 multi-modal multi-objective problems (MMOPs) and CHPEED problem. In the experimental study conducted among eleven versions of MOSOS variations created with DSC-method and the base MOSOS algorithm on IEEE CEC 2020 MMOPs, according to Friedman scores based on the four performance metrics, the base MOSOS algorithm ranked the last. In other experimental study, the best DSC-MOSOS variant was applied to solve the CHPEED problem, where 5-, 7-, 10- and 14-unit test systems and eight case studies were considered. The important points of this study were that 10-unit and 14-unit test systems were presented to the literature, and the prohibited operating zone was considered in CHPEED problem for the first time. According to the results obtained from eight case studies obtained from the DSC-MOSOS and fourteen competitor algorithms, while the improvement in cost was between 0.2% and 16.55%, the reduction of the emission value was between 0.2 kg and 42.97 kg compared to the competitor algorithms. On the other hand, the stability of the DSC-MOSOS and the base MOSOS was evaluated using stability analysis. While the MOSOS algorithms was not able to perform a success in any case study, the DSC-MOSOS was achieved an average success rate with 91.16%. Thus, the performance of the DSC-MOSOS over the MOSOS was verified by the results of experimental studies and analysis.