Reservoir water effects on earthquake performance evaluation of Torul Concrete-Faced Rockfill Dam

Bayraktar A., Kartal M. E., BAŞAĞA H. B.

WATER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, vol.2, no.1, pp.43-57, 2009 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2009.01.005
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-57
  • Keywords: earthquake performance evaluation, concrete-faced rockfill dam, dam-soil-reservoir interaction, Drucker-Prager model, interface element, Lagrangian approach, nonlinear time-history analysis
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study presents earthquake performance analysis of the Torul Concrete-Faced Rockfill (CFR) Dam with two-dimensional dam-soil and dam-soil-reservoir finite element models. The Lagrangian approach was used with fluid elements to model impounded water. The interface elements were used to simulate the slippage between the concrete face slab and the rockfill. The horizontal component of the 1992 Erzincan earthquake, with a peak ground acceleration of 0.515g, was considered in time-history analysis. The Drucker-Prager model was preferred in nonlinear analysis of the concrete slab, rockfill and foundation soil. The maximum principal stresses and the maximum displacements in two opposite directions were compared by the height of the concrete slab according to linear time-history analysis to reveal the effect of reservoir water. The changes of critical displacements and principal stresses with time are also shown in this paper. According to linear and nonlinear time-history analysis, the effect of the reservoir water on the earthquake performance of the Torul CFR Dam was investigated and the possible damage situation was examined. The results show that the hydrodynamic pressure of reservoir water leads to an increase in the maximum displacements and principal stresses of the dam and reduces the earthquake performance of the dam. Although the linear time-history analysis demonstrates that the earthquake causes a momentous damage to the concrete slab of the Torul CFR Dam, the nonlinear time-history analysis shows that no evident damage occurs in either reservoir case.